HOtt PiXX by Vic
Hosted by Victor Allen

 

March 20, 2017

 

MASCOT LUV NEEDS LUV!

Baddest Mascots To Final Four

 

 

 

#3 FLORIDA GATORS

‘Albert’

Albert the Florida Gator mascot!

 

 

#4 WEST VIRGINIA 

‘Mountaineer’

Mascot Mountaineer of West Virginia with rifle.

 

 

#4 PURDUE BOILERMAKERS

‘Pete’

Purdue Boilermakers mascot Pete.

 

 

#4 BUTLER BULLDOGS

‘Butler’

Butler, The Butler University Bulldog mascot.

 

#7 MICHIGAN WOLVERINES

‘Biff’  R.I.P.

The last known mascot for the University of Michigan. The university retired mascots in the 90’s, feeling it was undignified.

 

 

 #7 SOUTH CAROLINA GAMECOCK

‘Cocky’

Cocky, the South Carolina Gamecock mascot.

 

 

#8 WISCONSIN BADGERS

‘Bucky Badger’

Bucky Badger, the Wisconsin Badger mascot.

 

 

#11 XAVIER MUSKETEERS

‘D’Artagnan & Sidekick Blue Blob

D’Artagnan & Blue Blob, the Xavier University mascots.

 

 

 

-END-

 

 

 

March 13, 2017

MARCH MADNESS 1’S & 2’s

Cheer leading Nation On Deck!

 

 

GONZAGA BULLDOGS

2017 Number 1 one seed.

 

 

 

NORTH CAROLINA TAR HEELS

2017 North Carolina Number 1 seed.

 

 

KANSAS JAYHAWKS

2017 Number 1 seed.

 

 

 

VILLANOVA WILDCATS

2017 Number 1 seed.

 

 

DUKE BLUE DEVILS

2017 Number 2 seed.

 

ARIZONA WILDCATS

2017 Number 2 seed.

 

 

 

KENTUCKY WILDCATS

2017 Number 2 seed.

 

 

 

LOUISVILLE CARDINALS

2017 Number 2 seed.

 

 

 

-END-

 

 

March 6, 2017 

2017 WNBA’S HOTTEST SWAG BALLERS

 

“The Myth Will Be Debunked”

 

 

JENNIFER LACY

-Los Angeles Sparks-

Jennifer Lacey played for Pepperdine University.

 

 

 

ELENA DELLA DONNE

-Washington Mystics-

Elena Della Donne played for Delaware University.

 

 

ERIN PHILLIPS

-Dallas Wings-

Erin Phillps is an international player from Melbourne, Australia.

 

 

SKYLAR DIGGINS

-Dallas Wings-

Skylar Diggins played for Notre Dame.

 

 

 

SYDNEY CARTER

-Atlanta Dream-

(2012-2015)

Sydney Carter played for Texas A&M.

 

 

 

JASMINE LISTER

-Asst. Coach-

Jasmine debut in the WNBA in 2015. Formerly an assistant coach at UCONN.

 

 

 

 

-END-

 

 

 

 

2017  Academy Awards Red Carpet Best!

(Scroll down page for ’28 Days of February’ post)

 

OSCARS BEST RED CARPET DESIGNS

 

EMMA STONE

Best Actress – La La Land

-Givenchy-

Dress by Givenchy

 

 

VIOLA DAVIS

Best Supporting Actress – Fences

-Armani Prive’-

Viola wins Best Supporting Actress for Fences.

 

 

 

 BLANCA BLANCO

Blanca wore no undergarments

-Dress designer unknown-

BLANCA BLANCO stunned onlookers for she was not wearing undergarments, exposing her private area.

 

 

 

TARAJI P. HENSON

-Alberta Ferretti-

Taraji dress designed by Armani Prive’.

 

 

 

PRIYANKA CHOPRA

-Ralph & Russo-

Dress designed by Ralph & Russo.

 

 

 

HALLE BERRY

-Versace-

Dress designed by Versace.

 

 

 

CHRISSY TEIGEN

-Zuhair Murad-

Dress designed by Zuhair Murad.

 

 

 

ROBIN ROBERTS

-Badgley & Mischka-

Dress designed by Badgley Mischka.

 

 

 

JANELLE MONAE

-Elie Saab Couture-

Dress designed by Elie Badgley Couture.

 

 

 

-END-

 

 

 

 

 

(Scroll down the page for Feb. 20th’s)

59th Annual Grammy Awards

Seasoned vs. New Entertainment Fashionista’s

 

-28 Days of February-

 

 

 EXILE OR ENSLAVEMENT

Arkansas’s Free Negro Expulsion Act of 1859

February 28th

 

The Arkansas General Assembly passed a bill in February 1859 that banned the residency of free African-American or mixed-race (“mulatto”) people anywhere within the bounds of the state of Arkansas. Governor Elias N. Conway, who had supported removal, signed the bill into law, which required such free black people to leave the state by January 1, 1860, or face sale into slavery for a period of one year. Proceeds from their labor would go to finance their relocation out of the state.

The expulsion law applied to anyone who was not a slave but who had at least one grandparent of African descent. A person’s color was quite important to legislators in antebellum Arkansas, as slavery itself was based on race. Since there was no scientific or medical way to prove a borderline person was white or black, in any dispute, the courts normally depended on testimony of neighbors to determine color or race.

Several older slave states had considered similar expulsion laws, but Arkansas legislators actually placed it on the books after having debated it for ten years.

The expulsion law applied to anyone who was not a slave but who had at least one grandparent of African descent. A person’s color was quite important to legislators in antebellum Arkansas, as slavery itself was based on race. Since there was no scientific or medical way to prove a borderline person was white or black, in any dispute, the courts normally depended on testimony of neighbors to determine color or race.

Free blacks were free only insofar as they were not slaves. They paid taxes and could own property, yet were not free to vote or to testify against a white man in court under most conditions. In some counties, black people could own guns or dogs only with the sheriff’s permission. Black people could travel through the countryside but were often asked for permits and, if questioned by a white person, had to respond and show such papers.

http://www.encyclopediaofarkansas.net/encyclopedia/entry-detail.aspx?entryID=4430

 

 

 

CHARLOTTE E. RAY

1st African-American Female Lawyer In The U.S.

February 27,  1872

 

Ray graduated from Howard University School of Law  in 1872. She was also the first female admitted to the District of Columbia Bar, and the first woman admitted to practice before the Supreme Court of the District of Columbia. Her admission was used as a precedent by women in other states who sought admission to the bar.

Ray opened her own law office and ran advertisements in a newspaper run by Frederick Douglass. However, she only practiced for a few years because prejudice against African Americans and women made her business unsustainable. Charlotte attended a school called the Institutionfor the Educationof Colored Youth.  in Washington D.C., graduating in 1869. It was one of a few places where a black woman could gain proper education.

Ray became a teacher at Howard University in the Normal and Preparatory Department, which was the University’s Prep School. While teaching at Howard, she registered in the Law Department, as C. E. Ray. Charlotte Ray graduated Phi Beta Kappa on February 27, 1872, completing a three-year program, as the first woman to graduate from the Howard University School of Law.

While in law school she is believed to have specialized in corporate law.

Some claim she was admitted to the Howard School of Law in the District of Columbia in 1872 because she applied under the name “C. E. Ray” and that Ray used an alternate name to disguise her gender so that her admission would not be instantly revoked. According to others, her use of initials is not proven, and it would not have been needed, because Howard University at this time had a clearly articulated policy of acceptance of blacks and of women.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charlotte_E._Ray

 

 

 

CARTER G. WOODSON

Historian, Author, Journalist

Started Negro History Week

February 26th,  1926

 

Founded the Association for the Study of Negro Life and History now called Association for the Study of African American Life and History.

A founder of The Journal of Negro History in 1915, Woodson has been cited as the father of black history. In February 1926 he launched the celebration of “Negro History Week”; it was the precursor of Black History Month. 

From 1903 to 1907, Woodson was a school supervisor in the Phillipines. Later, he attended the University of Chicago, where he was awarded an A.B. and A.M. in 1908. He was a member of the first black professional fraternity Sigma Pi Phi and a member of Omega Psi Phi. He completed his PhD in history at Harvard University in 1912, where he was the second African American (after W.E.B. Dubois) to earn a doctorate.

Carter G. Woodson was born in Buckingham County, Virginia on December 19, 1875, the son of former slaves, James and Eliza Riddle Woodson.

 Woodson devoted the rest of his life to historical research. He worked to preserve the history of African Americans and accumulated a collection of thousands of artifacts and publications. He noted that African-American contributions “were overlooked, ignored, and even suppressed by the writers of history textbooks and the teachers who use them.” Race prejudice, he concluded, “is merely the logical result of tradition, the inevitable outcome of thorough instruction to the effect that the Negro has never contributed anything to the progress of mankind.”

In 1926, Woodson pioneered the celebration of “Negro History Week”, designated for the second week in February, to coincide with marking the birthdays of Abraham Lincoln and Frederick Douglass. The week of recognition became accepted and has been extended as the full month of February, now known as Black History Month.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carter_G._Woodson

 

 

SEMINOLES & THEIR BLACK ALLIES

SHIPPED FROM TAMPA BAY

-Trail of Tears-

February 25, 1839

 

Seminole Nation, I. T. – Trail of Tears (Westward Movement)

General Taylor conducted 96 Seminoles to Tampa Bay on February 25, 1839. They were then brought west by Captain Pitcairn Morrison. The party ascended the Mississippi River, stopping at Fort Jackson, Louisiana to switch to the Buckeye . They passed Natchez on March 28, 1839, where a boiler on the steamer exploded and killed a number of passengers. The party arrived at Little Rock on April 2, 1839, where they were delayed by low water levels (Foreman 1932). They arrived at Fort Gibson April 13, 1839

The Seminole Wars, also known as the Florida Wars, were three conflicts in Florida between the Seminole—the collective name given to the amalgamation of various groups of Native Americans and African Americans who settled in Florida in the early 18th century—and the United States Army.

In the 1840’s, newly freed mulattoes were seldom allowed to remain in the southern states; some went across the Ohio River, where small colonies of ex-slaves flourished beginning at this time.

 

 

 

REBECCA LEE CRUMPLER

First African-American Female Physician

February 24, 1864

was the first African-American woman to become a physician in the United States. She married Arthur Crumpler who had served with the Union Army during the American Civil War. Her publication of A Book of Medical Discourses in 1883 was one of the first written by an African American about medicine.

The Rebecca Lee Society, one of the first medical societies for African-American women, was named in her honor. Her home on Joy Street is a stop on the Boston Women’s Heritage Trail.

Crumpler first practiced medicine in Boston, primarily for poor women and children. During this time she “sought training in the ‘British Dominion'”.

Crumpler describes the progression of experiences that led her to study and practice medicine in her A Book of Medical Discourses (1883):

It may be well to state here that, having been reared by a kind aunt in Pennsylvania, whose usefulness with the sick was continually sought, I early conceived a liking for, and sought every opportunity to relieve the sufferings of others. Later in life I devoted my time, when best I could, to nursing as a business, serving under different doctors for a period of eight years (from 1852 to 1860); most of the time at my adopted home in Charlestown, Middlesex County, Massachusetts. From these doctors I received letters commending me to the faculty of the New England Female Medical College, whence, four years afterward, I received the degree of Doctress of Medicine.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rebecca_Lee_Crumpler

 

 

 

FRANK EMMANUEL PETERSEN
1st African-American Marine Corps Brigadier General

February 23, 1979

On February 23, 1979, he was promoted to brigadier general, becoming the first African-American general in the Marine Corps. In May 1983, he advanced to the rank of major general and on 12 June 1986, he was promoted to lieutenant general.

Frank E. Petersen Jr. was a United States Marine Corps Lieutenant General. He was the first African-American Marine Corps aviator and the first African-American Marine Corps general. On November 9, 2016, Secretary of the Navy Ray Mabus officially announced that an Arleigh Burke-class destroyer, DDG-121, would be named in honor of Petersen.

Frank E. Petersen was also the first African-American Marine Cops Aviator.

On November 9, 2016, Secretary of Navy Ray Mabus officially announced that an Arleigh Burke-class destroyer, DDG-121, would be named in honor of Petersen. In 2010, President Obama appointed Petersen to the Board of Visitors to the United States Naval Academy. Upon his retirement, he was presented the Distinguished Service Medal for exceptionally meritorious service as the Commanding General, Marine Corps Combat Development Command, Quantico, Virginia, from June 1986 to July 1988. On Feb 21, 2017, the keel was laid for the future guided-missile destroyer USS Frank E. Petersen Jr. DDG 121 at Huntington Ingalls Industries shipyard, Pascagoula, MS.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frank_E._Petersen

 

 

 

 

DJ JAZZY JEFF & THE FRESH PRINCE

Wins First Grammay Award for Best Rap Performance

February 22, 1989

 

The group received the first Grammy Award for Best Rap Performance in 1989 for “Parents Just Don’t Understand” (1988), though their most successful single was “Summertime” (1991), which earned the group their second Grammy and peaked at number 4 on the Billboard Hot 100. Will Smith and Jeff Townes are still friends and claim that they never split up, having made songs under Smith’s solo performer credit. DJ Jazzy Jeff & the Fresh Prince have sold over 5.5 million albums in the US. the duo were brought to the attention of Jive Records and Russell Simmons. The duo’s first album, Rock the House, which was first released on Word Up in 1986 debuted on Jive in March of 1987. The album sold about 300,000 units. That same year, the band found themselves on their first major tour with Run DMC, Public Enemy, and others.

On November 6, 2015, Will Smith announced that there will be a 2017 tour, reuniting with DJ Jazzy Jeff once again.

Due to a self-admitted spendthrift attitude, Smith felt he had nothing to lose when a producer from NBC and Quincy Jones approached him with an idea for a sitcom, with Townes appearing as a recurring character, named “Jazz”.  The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air boosted his profile and his pocketbook. Smith blew through almost 2.8 million dollars, while giving none to the IRS for taxes. Soon after And in This Corner… was released, Smith was sentenced by the IRS to pay this all back. For the first three seasons of The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air, Smith had 25% of his paycheck garnished by the IRS.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DJ_Jazzy_Jeff_%26_The_Fresh_Prince

 

 

 

NINA SIMONE

American Singer, Songwriter, Pianist, Arranger & Civil Rights Activist

D.O.B. 02-21-33

 

Nina Simone worked in a broad range of musical styles including classical, jazz, blues, folk, R&B, gospel, and pop.

To make a living, Eunice Waymon changed her name to “Nina Simone”. The change related to her need to disguise herself from family members, having chosen to play “the devil’s music” or “cocktail piano” at a nightclub in Atlantic City. She was told in the nightclub that she would have to sing to her own accompaniment, and this effectively launched her career as a jazz vocalist. Simone’s musical style fused gospel and pop with classical music, in particular Johann Sebastian Bach, and accompanied expressive, jazz-like singing in her contralto voice.

Born in North Carolina, the sixth child of a preacher, Simone aspired to be a concert pianist. With the help of the few supporters in her hometown of Tryon, North Carolina, she enrolled in the Julliard School of Music in New York.

Throughout most of her life and recording career she was accompanied by percussionist Leopoldo Fleming and guitarist and musical director Al Schackman.

Simone recorded more than forty albums, mostly between 1958, when she made her debut with Little Girl Blue, and 1974, and had a hit in the United States in 1958 with “I Loves You, Porgy”. Simone was known for her temper and frequent outbursts. In 1995, she fired a gun at a record company executive, whom she accused of stealing royalties. Simone said she “tried to kill him” but “missed”. In 1995, she shot and wounded her neighbor’s son with an air-gun after the boy’s laughter disturbed her concentration. According to a biographer, Simone took medication for a condition from the mid-1960s on.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nina_Simone

 

*****

 

MALCOLM X ASSASSINATED

Minister & Activist

February 21, 1965

 

Malcolm  X was an African-American Muslim minister and human rights activist. To his admirers he was a courageous advocate for the rights of blacks, a man who indicted white America in the harshest terms for its crimes against black Americans; detractors accused him of preaching racism and violence. He has been called one of the greatest and most influential African Americans in history. Malcolm X was effectively orphaned early in life. His father was killed when he was six and his mother was placed in a mental hospital when he was thirteen, after which he lived in a series of foster homes. In 1946, at age 20, he went to prison for larceny and breaking and entering. While in prison, Malcolm X became a member of the Nation of Islam, and after his parole in 1952, quickly rose to become one of the organization’s most influential leaders.

In February 1965, he was assassinated by three members of the Nation of Islam.

By March 1964, Malcolm X had grown disillusioned with the Nation of Islam and its leader Elijah Muhammad. Expressing many regrets about his time with them, which he had come to regard as largely wasted, he embraced Sunni Islam. After a period of travel in Africa and the Middle East, which included completing the Hajj, he repudiated the Nation of Islam, disavowed racism and founded Muslim Mosque, Inc. and the Organization of Afro-American Unity. 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malcolm_X

 

 

 

SIDNEY POITIER

1st Bahamian & African American Male

To Win An Academy Award For Best Actor, 1964

February 20th, 1927, D.O.B.

 

The significance of these achievements was bolstered in 1967, when he starred in three successful films, all of which dealt with issues involving race and race relations: To Sir, with Love; In the Heat of the Night; and Guess Who’s Coming to Dinner, making him the top box-office star of that year. In 1999, the American Film Institute named Poitier among the Greatest Male Stars of classic Hollywood cinema, ranking 22nd on the list of 25.

From 1997 to 2007, he served as the non-resident Bahamian ambassador to Japan. On August 12, 2009, Poitier was awarded the Presedential Medal of Freedom, the United States’ highest civilian honor, by President Barack Obama. In 2016, he was awarded the BAFTA Fellowship for outstanding lifetime achievement in film.

1st Bahamian and African American to win an Academy Award for Best Actor in Lillies of the Field, 1964.

Poitier joined the North American Negro Theatre, but was rejected by audiences. Contrary to what was expected of African American actors at the time, Poitier’s tone deafness made him unable to sing. Determined to refine his acting skills and rid himself of his noticeable Bahamian accent, he spent the next six months dedicating himself to achieving theatrical success. His performance in No Way Out, as a doctor treating a Caucasian bigot (played by Richard Widmark), was noticed and led to more roles, each considerably more interesting and more prominent than those most African American actors of the time were offered.

From 1995 to 2003, he served as a member of the board of directors of The Walt Disney Company. In April 1997, Poitier was appointed ambassador of the Bahamas to Japan, a position he held until 2007. From 2002 to 2007, he was concurrently the ambassador of the Bahamas to UNESCO.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sidney_Poitier

 

 

 

 

TUSKEGEE AIRMEN
INITIATED INTO THE U.S. ARMED FORCES

February 19th, 1942

 

On this date in 1942, the Tuskegee Airmen were initiated into the armed forces.

The Tuskegee Airmen were Black servicemen of the U. S. Army Air Forces who trained at Tuskegee Army Air Field in Alabama during World War II. They constituted the first African-American flying unit in the U. S. military. In response to pressure from the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), the Black press, and others, the War Department in January 1941 formed the all-Black 99th Pursuit Squadron of the U. S. Army Air Corps (later the U. S. Army Air Forces), to be trained using single-engine planes at the segregated Tuskegee Army Air Field at Tuskegee, Ala.

Officially known as the 332nd Fighter Group and the 477th Bombardment Group of the United States Army Air Corps, the group was subjected to segregation and discrimination during their time in the army despite being as brave in fighting enemies as the rest of the military. Meanwhile, racism in America was still very much alive through Jim Crow laws.

Before the Tuskegee Airmen, no African American had been a U.S. military pilot. In 1917, African-American men had tried to become aerial observers, but were rejected.

 Every African-American pilot (and five Haitians) who served in the squadrons were trained at Tuskegee Institute and the group earned the nickname “Red Tail Angels” because the bombers they escorted saw them as angels and their planes’ tails and propellers were painted in red. By the end of WWII, 992 men had graduated from Tuskegee. They carried out more than 200 bomber escort missions, damaged 409 German planes, 950 ground units and sank a battleship.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tuskegee_Airmen

 

*****

 

KENYA MOORE CROWNED

2nd AFRICAN AMERICAN MISS USA

February 19, 1993

 

is an American actress, model, producer, author, television personality, and entrepreneur. She currently stars in the Bravo TV series The Real Housewives of Atlanta and was a member of the cast of The Celebrity Apprentice 7 (2015). 

Moore was born in Detroit, Michigan, the daughter of teenagers Patricia Moore and Ronald Grant, and was raised by her paternal grandmother and aunt after her mother abandoned her at birth. The reality TV show star revealed that her mother never named her. “Since birth, my mother made the decision at age 16 to pretend she never had me. She has never spoken to me,” Kenya wrote. “Even if present in the same room with other people and family, she pretends that I simply don’t exist. She pretends I’m invisible” Kenya revealed on her Bravo blog.

In May 2012, Moore joined the season five cast of Bravo’s The Real Housewives of Atlanta.

 Moore was born in Detroit, Michigan, the daughter of teenagers Patricia Moore and Ronald Grant, and was raised by her paternal grandmother and aunt after her mother abandoned her at birth. The reality TV show star revealed that her mother never named her. “Since birth, my mother made the decision at age 16 to pretend she never had me. She has never spoken to me,” Kenya wrote. “Even if present in the same room with other people and family, she pretends that I simply don’t exist. She pretends I’m invisible” Kenya revealed on her Bravo blog.

 At 22, Kenya Moore won Miss Michigan (1993) and then became the second African American woman to win Miss USA. She then represented the United States in the Miss Universe pageant and placed sixth.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kenya_Moore

 

 

 

SHANI DAVIS

1st Black Athlete To Win Winter Olympics Gold Medal

Speed Skating 1000 Meters

February 18th, 2006

 

At the 2006 Winter Olympics in Turin, Italy, Davis became the first black athlete to win a gold medal in an individual sport at the Olympic Winter Games, winning the speedskating 1000 meter event. He also won a silver medal in the 1500 meter event. At the 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver, Canada, he duplicated the feat, becoming the first man to successfully defend the 1000 meter gold medal, and repeating as 1500 meter silver medalist.

Davis has set a total of nine world records, three of them current (through April 2016)

Davis won the gold medal in the 1000 m and the silver medal in the 1500 m in Turin.

  He has won ten career Overall World Cup titles, six at 1000 meters (in 2006, 2008–10, 2012, 2014) and four at 1500 meters (2008–2011). Davis also earned the title of Grand World Cup Champion for the 2013–14 season, earning the most points across all distances. His 58 career individual victories on the ISU Speed Skating World Cup circuit (through March 2014) place him second all-time among men.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shani_Davis

 

*****

 

1st WHITE PROTEST AGAINST SLAVERY BY QUAKERS

GERMANTOWN, PA

February 18th 1688

 

In 1688, five years after Germantown was founded, Pastorius and three other men petitioned the Dublin Quaker Meeting. The men gathered at Thones Kunders’s house and wrote a petition based upon the Bible’s Golden Rule, “Do unto others as you would have them do unto you,” urging the Meeting to abolish. It is an unconventional text in that it avoids the expected salutation to fellow Quakers and does not contain references to Jesus and God. It argues that every human, regardless of belief, color, or ethnicity, has rights that should not be violated.

The 1688 meeting conducts first formal “Germantown Protest” denounced slavery and the slave trade.

The German-Dutch settlers were unaccustomed to slaves, although from the shortage of labor they understood why their British neighbors relied on slaves for prosperity. Slaves and indentured servants were a valuable asset for a farmer because they were not paid. Yet the German-Dutch settlers refused to buy slaves themselves and quickly saw the contradiction in the slave trade and in farmers who forced people to work. Although in their native Germany and Holland the Krefelders had been persecuted because of their beliefs, only people who had been convicted of a crime could be forced to work in servitude. In what turned out to be a revolutionary leap of insight, the Germantowners saw a fundamental similarity between the right to be free from persecution on account of their beliefs and the right to be free from being forced to work against their will.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1688_Germantown_Quaker_Petition_Against_Slavery

 

 

 

 

THELONIOUS MONK

Jazz Pianist & Composer

Monk is the second most recorded jazz composer

October 10, 1917 – February 17th, 1982

 

Thelonious Monk was an American jazz pianist and composer. Monk had a unique improvisational style and made numerous contributions to the standard jazz repertoire.

He was renowned for his distinctive style in suits, hats, and sunglasses. He was also noted for an idiosyncratic habit observed at times during performances: while the other musicians in the band continued playing, he would stop, stand up from the keyboard, and dance for a few moments before returning to the piano.

Monk is one of five jazz musicians to have been featured on the cover of Time, after Louis Armstrong, Dave Brubeck, and Duke Ellington and before Wynton Marsalis. The Thelonious Monk Institute of Jazz was established in 1986 by the Monk family and Maria Fisher. Its mission is to offer public school-based jazz education programs for young people around the globe, helping students develop imaginative thinking, creativity, curiosity, a positive self-image, and a respect for their own and others’ cultural heritage. In addition to hosting an annual International Jazz Competition since 1987, the Institute also helped, through its partnership with UNESCO, designate April 30, 2012, as the first annual International Jazz Day.

Monk is the second most-recorded jazz composer after Duke Ellington.

 His compositions and improvisations feature  dissonances and angular melodic twists, and are consistent with Monk’s unorthodox approach to the piano, which combined a highly percussive attack with abrupt, dramatic use of switched key releases, silences and hesitations. Monk is one of five jazz musicians to have been featured on the cover of Time, after Louis Armstrong, Dave Brubeck, and Duke Ellington and before Wynton Marsalis.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thelonious_Monk

 

 

 

FREDERICK DOUGLASS

Elected President of Freedman Bank & Trust

February 16th, 1857

 

Frederick Douglass is elected President of Freedman Bank and Trust, a private corporation created by the U.S. government to foster economic growth among African Americans post Civil War.

Initially, the bank saw notable successes as a leading institution of African Americans who wanted a place to invest their money to ensure their financial stability for life after the U.S. slave era, however, bad investments and wrongdoing on the part of previous leadership at the bank led to its downfall. Today, the financial company’s archives are used as a valuable collection of information about the African American community and socio-economic life in the aftermath of emancipation.

Initially, the bank saw notable successes as a leading institution of African Americans who wanted a place to invest their money to ensure their financial stability for life after the U.S. slave era, however, bad investments and wrongdoing on the part of previous leadership at the bank led to its downfall, closing its doors the same year.

The most influential African American of the nineteenth century.

The most influential African American of the nineteenth century, Douglass made a career of agitating the American conscience. He spoke and wrote on behalf of a variety of reform causes: women’s rights, temperance, peace, land reform, free public education, and the abolition of capital punishment. But he devoted the bulk of his time, immense talent, and boundless energy to ending slavery and gaining equal rights for African Americans. These were the central concerns of his long reform career. Douglass understood that the struggle for emancipation and equality demanded forceful, persistent, and unyielding agitation. And he recognized that African Americans must play a conspicuous role in that struggle. Less than a month before his death, when a young black man solicited his advice to an African American just starting out in the world, Douglass replied without hesitation: “Agitate! Agitate! Agitate!”

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frederick_Douglass

 

 

 

NAT KING COLE

Passes away from Cancer

February 15, 1965

 

On Valentine’s Day Nat King Cole and his wife briefly left St. John’s to drive by the sea. He died at the hospital early in the morning of February 15, aged 45.

He was widely noted for his soft baritone voice, performing in big band and jazz genres, and was a major force in popular music for three decades. Cole was one of the first African Americans to host a national television variety show, The Nat King Cole Show. His recordings remained popular worldwide after his death

Cole was considered a leading jazz pianist, appearing in the first Jazz at the Philharmonic concerts (credited on the Mercury records label as “Shorty Nadine”—derived from his wife’s name—as he was under exclusive contract with Capitol Records at the time). His revolutionary lineup of piano, guitar, and bass in the era of the big band became a popular setup for jazz trios. It was emulated by many musicians, among them Art Tatum, Oscar Peterson, Ahmad Jamal, and the blues pianists Charles Brown and Ray Charles.

Cole’s success at Capitol Records, for which he recorded more than 150 singles that reached the Billboard Pop, R&B, and Country charts, has yet to be matched by any Capitol artist.

 

 

 

HOtt PiXX by Vic
Hosted by Victor Allen

(February 20th, 2017)

 

59th ANNUAL GRAMMY AWARDS

Seasoned vs. New Entertainment Fashionista’s

 

MYA

Singer, Songwriter, Producer, Actress

Singer, songwriter, producer, actress & dancer.

 

 

 

KRISS MINCEY

R&B Singer

Kriss Mincey brings the flowing elegance at the Red Carpet 59th Annual Grammy Awards.

 

 

 

LADY GAGA

Singer, Songwriter, Producer

Lady Grammy pushes the edge in black at the 59th Annual Grammy Awards.

 

 

HALSEY

Electropop Alternative Artist

Halsey makes her statement at the 59th Annual Grammy Awards.

 

 

JENNIFER LOPEZ

Singer, Actress, Producer, Dancer

Jennifer Lopez is as fit as ever working the Red Carpet at the 2017 Grammy Awards.

 

 

DEMI LOVATO

Singer, Songwriter, Actress, Model, Philanthropist

Demi Lovato elegance featured at the 59th Grammy Awards.

 

 

 

HEIDI KLUM

Model, Fashion Designer, Actress, Producer

Heidi Klum keeps it simple with a satin one piece mini look at the 59th Annual Grammy Awards.

 

 

 

JOY VILLA

Pop Rock Singer

Joy Villa makes Trump statement at the 59th Annual Grammy Awards.

 

 

 

TINASHE

Singer, Songwriter, Producer, Actress, Dancer

Tinashe brings it in all black at the 59th Annual Grammy Awards.

 

 

 

ARSENIO HALL

BIRTHDATE (02-12-54)

 

FIRST AFRICAN AMERICAN LATE NIGHT TALK SHOW HOST

 

The original series premiered on January 3, 1989, and ran until May 27, 1994. Nineteen years after the original series left television, Hall returned for a revival that premiered on September 9, 2013 and was cancelled after one season, with the finale airing on May 21, 2014.

Hall had been a host on The Late Show, another talk show on Fox, after the dismissal of Joan Rivers. He was given a 13-week run, during which he became unexpectedly popular. During the monologue of his final appearance as host, Hall stated that the reason he had agreed to only do 13 weeks was because that was as long as he was able to stay, as he had plans “to do other things.”]He subsequently began working on the Eddie Murphy vehicle Coming to America. He ultimately signed with Paramount Television before Fox finally decided, after the fact, that it wanted to keep him. Hall had a fairly long connection to Paramount before this, having been the in-house comedian on Paramount’s weekly music series Solid Gold for several years and serving as a Co-host for its final two years.

Gov. Bill Clinton, sitting with the band, turns out an impressive version of “Heatrbreak Hotel” as Arsenio Hall gestures approvingly in the musical opening of “The Arsenio Hall Show” taping at Paramount Studios in Hollywood, June 3, 1992.

 

 Hall announced on April 18, 1994 that he was not going to continue the show, simply saying “it’s time”. The final episode aired on May 27, 1994.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Arsenio_Hall_Show

 

 

 

NAACP FOUNDED

National Association for the Advancement of Colored People

February 12, 1909

 

The Race Riot of 1908 in Springfield, Illinois, the state capital and President Abraham Lincoln’s hometown, was a catalyst showing the urgent need for an effective civil rights organization in the U.S. The rate of lynchings of black men at the turn of the century was also at a high. Mary White Ovington, journalist William English Walling and Henry Moskowitz met in New York City in January 1909 to work on organizing for civil rights.  They sent out solicitations for support went out to more than 60 prominent Americans, and a meeting date was set for February 12, 1909. While the first large meeting did not take place until three months later, the February date is often cited as the founding date of the organization.

The NAACP was founded on February 12, 1909, by a larger group including African Americans W. E. B. Du Bois, Ida B. Wells, Archibald Grimké, and the previously named whites Henry Moskowitz, Mary White Ovington, William English Walling (the wealthy Socialist son of a former slave-holding family), Florence Kelley, a social reformer and friend of Du Bois, Oswald Garrison Villard, and Charles Edward Russell, a renowned muckraker and close friend of Walling. Russell helped plan the NAACP and had served as acting chairman of the National Negro Committee (1909), a forerunner to the NAACP

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Association_for_the_Advancement_of_Colored_People

The Emerald Cities Collaborative, is a partner organization with the NAACP.

 

 

 

 

NELSON MANDELA IS FREED

Nelson Mandela was released unconditionally from prison

February 11, 1990

 

 Nelson Mandela was a South African anti-apartheid revolutionary, politician, and philanthropist, who served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999. He was the country’s first black head of state and the first elected in a fully representative democratic election. His government focused on dismantling the legacy of apartheid by tackling institutionalized racism and fostering racial reconciliation. Ideologically an African nationalist and socialist, he served as President of the African National Congress (ANC) party from 1991 to 1997.

Leaving Victor Verster Prison on 11 February, Mandela held Winnie’s hand in front of amassed crowds and the press; the event was broadcast live across the world. Driven to Cape Town’s City Hall through crowds, he gave a speech declaring his commitment to peace and reconciliation with the white minority, but made it clear that the ANC’s armed struggle was not over, and would continue as “a purely defensive action against the violence of apartheid”. He expressed hope that the government would agree to negotiations, so that “there may no longer be the need for the armed struggle”, and insisted that his main focus was to bring peace to the black majority and give them the right to vote in national and local elections. Staying at the home of Desmond Tutu, in the following days Mandela met with friends, activists, and press, giving a speech to an estimated 100,000 people at Johannesburg’s Soccer City.

The newly elected National Assembly’s first act was to formally elect Mandela as South Africa’s first black chief executive. His inauguration took place in Pretoria on 10 May 1994, televised to a billion viewers globally. The event was attended by four thousand guests, including world leaders from a wide range of geographic and ideological backgrounds. Mandela headed a Government of National Unity dominated by the ANC—which had no experience of governing by itself—but containing representatives from the National Party and Inkatha.

In December 1994, Mandela published Long Walk to Freedom, an autobiography based around a manuscript he had written in prison, augmented by interviews conducted with American journalist Richard Stengel.

Aged 76, he faced various ailments, and although exhibiting continued energy, he felt isolated and lonely. He often entertained celebrities, such as Michael Jackson, Whoopi Goldberg, and the Spice Girls, and befriended ultra-rich businessmen, like Harry Oppenheimer of Anglo-American as well as Queen Elizabeth II on her March 1995 state visit to South Africa, resulting in strong criticism from ANC anti-capitalists. Despite his opulent surroundings, Mandela lived simply, donating a third of his R 552,000 annual income to the Nelson Mandela Children’s Fund, which he had founded in 1995.] Although dismantling press censorship, speaking out in favor of freedom of the press, and befriending many journalists, Mandela was critical of much of the country’s media, noting that it was overwhelmingly owned and run by middle-class whites and believing that it focused too heavily on scare-mongering about crime.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nelson_Mandela

“I have fought against white domination, and I have fought against black domination. I have cherished the ideal of a democratic and free society in which all persons will live together in harmony and with equal opportunities. It is an ideal which I hope to live for and to see realized. But if it needs be, it is an ideal for which I am prepared to die.”

— Mandela’s Rivonia Trial Speech, 1964

 

 

ALEX HALEY

RENOWNED AUTHOR-BIOGRAPHER DIES

February 10, 1992

 

American writer and the author of the 1976 book Roots: The Saga of an American Family

 

ABC adapted the book as a television miniseries of the same name and aired it in 1977 to a record-breaking audience of 130 million viewers. In the United States the book and miniseries raised the public awareness of African American history and inspired a broad interest in genealogy and family history.

In 1976 Haley published Roots: The Saga of an American Family, a novel based on his family’s history, going back to slavery days. It started with the story of Kunta Kinte, who was kidnapped in the Gambia in 1767 and transported to the Province of Maryland to be sold as a slave. Haley claimed to be a seventh-generation descendant of Kunta Kinte, and his work on the novel involved twelve years of research, intercontinental travel, and writing. He went to the village of Juffure, where Kunta Kinte grew up and listened to a tribal historian (griot) tell the story of Kinte’s capture. Haley also traced the records of the ship, The Lord Ligonier, which he said carried his ancestor to the Americas

Roots was eventually published in 37 languages. Haley won a special Pulitzer Prize for the work in 1977.

Haley has stated that the most emotional moment of his life occurred on September 29, 1967, when he stood on the site in Annapolis, Maryland, where his ancestor had arrived from Africa in chains exactly 200 years before. A memorial depicting Haley, reading a story to young children gathered at his feet has since been erected in the center of Annapolis.

Roots was eventually published in 37 languages. Haley won a special Pulitzer Prize for the work in 1977. The same year, Roots was adapted as a popular television miniseries of the same name by ABC. The serial reached a record-breaking 130 million viewers. Roots emphasized that African Americans have a long history and that not all of that history is necessarily lost, as many believed. Its popularity also sparked a greatly increased public interest in genealogy.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alex_Haley

 

 

 

 

BERNARD HARRIS, ASTRONAUT

February 9, 1995

Harris became the first African American to perform an extra-vehicular activity (spacewalk),

during the second of his two Space Shuttle flights.

 

Harris is a member of many professional,academic and service organizations, including the American College of Physicians, Honor Society of Phi Kappa Phi, and Kappa Alpha Psi Fraternity. He is a board member of the Boys and Girls Club of Houston, National Math and Science Initiative, Medical Informatics, Technology and Applications Center, Houston Technology Center, and the National Space Biomedical Research Institute, Board of Scientific Counselors. He has been recognized several times by NASA and other organizations for his professional and academic achievements. In 1996 he received an honorary doctorate from the Morehouse College School of Medicine. He later received honorary doctorates from Stonybrook University, New Jersey Institute of Technology, and the University of Houston. He has also received a NASA Spaceflight medal, a NASA Award of Merit, a fellow of the American College of Physicians and the 2000 Horatio Alger Award.

His second mission was as the Payload Commander on STS-63 ( February 2 1995 – February 11 1995), the first flight of the new joint Russian-American Space Program. Mission highlights, included the first rendezvous (but not docking) with the Russian space station Mir and retrieval of Spartan 204 satellite. During the flight, Harris became the first African-American to walk in space, while fellow astronaut Michael Foale became the first British-born space walker. (It was also on this flight that Eileen Collins became the first female Shuttle pilot.) On this mission, Harris logged 198 hours, 29 minutes in space, completed 129 orbits, and traveled over 2.9 million miles.

He also trained as a flight surgeon at the Aerospace School of Medicine at Brooks Air Force Base in San Antonio in 1988. Dr. Harris received a master’s degree in biomedical science from The University of Texas Medical Branch in 1996. Harris is also a licensed private pilot and a certified scuba diver.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bernard_A._Harris_Jr.

He was the first African American man to go into space as one of NASA’s research teams and he was involved in the construction of the space rovers.

 

 

 

OPRAH WINFREY

FIRST AFRICAN AMERICAN FEMALE SYNDICATED HOST

February 8, 1986

 

Oprah Winfrey becomes the first African American woman to host a nationally syndicated talk show. On Feb. 8, 1986, the Oprah Winfrey Show became nationally syndicated. 

Her very first show featured the topic “How to Marry the Man or Woman of Your Choice.” Interestingly, that was not the first choice as guest for the day.  Producers had worked avidly to book Miami Vice’s Don Johnson, who refused.  The show ran every day from 1986 until 2011, when Winfrey decided not to renew her contract. 

Winfrey was called “arguably the world’s most powerful woman” by CNN and Time.com “arguably the most influential woman in the world” by the
American Spectator,” one of the 100 people who most influenced the 20th Century” and “one of the most influential people” from 2004 to 2011 by
TIME. Winfrey is the only person in the world to have appeared in the latter list on all eight occasions.
 
Winfrey claims her worst interviewing experience was with Elizabeth Taylor in the show’s second season. Just before the interview, Taylor asked Winfrey not to ask any questions about her relationships. Winfrey found this to be a challenge considering Taylor had been married seven times. Taylor returned to the show in 1992, apologized to Winfrey and told her that she was in excruciating back and hip pain at the time.
Winfrey interviewed a plethora of public figures and everyday people during the show’s 25-year history. When celebrities and news makers were ready to share their most intimate secrets their first stop was Winfrey’s couch and when a serious story hit, the Oprah show focused on putting a human face on the headlines.

 On February 10, 1993, Winfrey sat down with Michael Jackson for what would become the most-watched interview in television history. Jackson, an intensely private entertainer, had not given an interview in 14 years. The event was broadcast live from Jackson’s Neverland Ranch and was watched by 90 million people worldwide. Jackson discussed missing out on a normal childhood and his strained relationship with his father, Joe Jackson. During the interview, Jackson attempted to dispel many of the rumors surrounding him and told Winfrey he suffered from the skin-pigment disorder known as vitiligo when asked about the change in the color of his skin. While admitting to getting a nose job, he denied all other plastic surgery rumors. Later in the interview, Jackson was joined by his close friend Elizabeth Taylor, her third appearance on the show. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Oprah_Winfrey_Show

 

 

MICHAEL JACKSON’S THRILLER 

INDUCTED INTO GUINESS BOOK OF WORLD RECORDS

February 7, 1984

Best selling album of all time

The King of Pop set a world record when his sixth studio album, Thriller, reached record-high international and domestic sales. On Feb. 7, 1984, it was inducted into the Guiness World Book of Records for best-selling album of all time. Along with a Guinness record, the album went on to score eight Grammy wins, including Album of the Year, and eight American Music Awards in 1984. 

Its worldwide success made it one of the best-selling albums in the world. For weeks after Thriller’s studio release, it would remain No. 1 on music charts across the globe — from Canada to Japan and Australia to Italy. The album included hits such as “Thriller,” “P.Y.T.” and “Beat It.”

Thriller was released on November 30, 1982, and sold one million copies worldwide per week at its peak. Seven singles were released from the album, including “The Girl Is Mine”—which was seen as a poor choice for the lead release and led some to believe that the album would be a disappointment and to suggestions that Jackson was bowing to a white audience. “The Girl Is Mine” was followed by the hit single “Billie Jean”, which made Thriller a chart-topper. Success continued with the single “Beat It”, which featured guitarists Eddie Van Halen and Steve Lukather. The album’s title track was released as a single and also became a hit internationally.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thriller_(Michael_Jackson_album)

In 2009, the Recording Industry Association of America declared the album 29x platinum, with more than 29,000,000 copies sold in the United States alone.

 

 

MAYFLOWER OF LIBERIA

February 6th, 1820

1st Organized Black Immigration Back To Africa

 

It began when 86 free Blacks left New York Harbor on February 6th, 1820 aboard the ship the Elizabeth, which was called the Mayflower of Liberia. They were bound for the British colony of Sierra Leone, a country that welcomed free Blacks from America as well as fugitive slaves. It arrived on March 9th 1820, headed to the colony of Sierra Leone, a country that welcomed fugitives and former slaves from America.

The U.S. Congress granted $100,000 to the American Colonization Society to support their mission and to set sail aboard the “Elizabeth,” also known as the “Mayflower of Liberia.” Upon arrival in March, the colonists reached a small island off the coast of Liberia. Sadly, over the course of the next year, the freedmen suffered, being stricken with malaria. They also faced conflict with the local people, who greeted the newcomers with suspicion. The Mayflower of Liberia brought more than 15,000 former slaves and other Americans of African descent rescued from illegal slave ships to later set sail and join the colony, which was officially named Liberia in 1824. Today, about 5% of Liberia’s population descends from American freedmen and women.

This Day in History: Freed Black Slaves Set Sail on the ‘Mayflower of Liberia’

 

 

 

February 6, 2017

MOST MEMORABLE LADIES

SUPER BOWL HALF TIME PERFORMANCE

(Scroll Down for more ’28 Days of February’ Posts)

 

 

CHRISTINA AGUILERA 2000

Enrique Iglesias

ATLANTA, UNITED STATES: Singers Christina Aguilera (R) and Enrique Iglesias (L) perform during the halftime show at Super Bowl XXXIV at the Georgia Dome in Atlanta, 30 January, 2000.

 

 

 

 

BRITNEY SPEARS 2001

Aerosmith, Nelly

Britney Spears Super Bowl halftime featured Aerosmith & Nelly

 

 

 

 

SHANIA TWAIN 2003

Shania Twain Super Bowl 2003 halftime performance.

 

 

 

 

JANET JACKSON 2004 (Nipplegate)

Justin Timberlake

Janet Jackson & Justin Timberlake Super Bowl 2004 halftime performance features Nipplegate.

 

 

 

 

MADONNA 2012

Madonna Super Bowl 2012 Halftime comeback performance.

 

 

 

 

DESTINY’S CHILD 2013

Beyonce

Beyonce returns with Destiny’s Child for Super Bowl 2013 half time performance.

 

 

 

 

KATY PERRY 2015

Katy Perry Super Bowl 2015 live halftime performance.

 

 

 

 

BEYONCE 2016

Beyonce Super Bowl 2016 halftime performance. Black Panther retro theme.

 

 

 

 

LADY GAGA 2017

Feb 5, 2017; Houston, TX,

 

 

 

 

28 DAYS OF FEBRUARY

Daily Calendar Posts!

Recognition of African American Black achievements, accomplishments and honors for each day in the month of February.

Celebration of Black History and contributions for each day of the month.

 

 

BARACK OBAMA

February 5, 1990

1st Black President Of The Harvard University Law Review

The job is considered the highest student position at Harvard Law School. The new president of the Review is Barack Obama, a 28-year-old graduate of Columbia University who spent four years heading a community development program for poor blacks on Chicago’s South Side before enrolling in law school. His late father, Barack Obama, was a finance minister in Kenya and his mother, Ann Dunham, is an American anthropologist.

Law reviews, which are edited by students, play a double role in law schools, providing a chance for students to improve their legal research and writing, and at the same time offering judges and scholars a forum for new legal arguments. The Harvard Law Review is generally considered the most widely cited of the student law reviews.

The president of the law review usually goes on to serve as a clerk for a judge on the Federal Court of Appeals for a year, and then as a clerk for an associate justice of the Supreme Court. Mr. Obama said he planned to spend two or three years in private law practice and then return to Chicago to re-enter community work, either in politics or in local organizing. Until the 1970’s the editors were picked on the basis of grades, and the president of the Law Review was the student with the highest academic rank. Among these were Elliot L. Richardson, the former Attorney General, and Irwin Griswold, a dean of the Harvard Law School and Solicitor General under Presidents Lyndon B. Johnson and Richard M. Nixon.

1st Harvard University Law Review Black President.
President Barack Obama, First Lady Michelle Obama, and their daughters, Malia and Sasha, sit for a family portrait in the Green Room of the White House, Sept. 1, 2009.

 Obama entered Harvard Law School in the fall of 1988, living in nearby Somerville, Massachusetts. He was selected as an editor of the Harvard Law Review at the end of his first year, president of the journal in his second year, and research assistant to the constitutional scholar Laurence Tribe while at Harvard for two years. During his summers, he returned to Chicago, where he worked as an associate at the law firms of Sidley Austin in 1989 and Hopkins & Sutter in 1990. After graduating with a JD degree Magna Cum Laude from Harvard in 1991, he returned to Chicago. Obama’s election as the first black president of the Harvard Law Review gained national media attention and led to a publishing contract and advance for a book about race relations, which evolved into a personal memoir. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barack_Obama

 

 

 

FRANCE ABOLISHED SLAVERY

February 4, 1794

“Code Noir” & Toussaint Louverture

 

On this date in 1794 France abolished slavery. As a nation they had a lukewarm commitment to abolition. Under Napoleon, they reestablished slavery in 1802 along with the re-institution of the “Code Noir”, prohibiting Blacks, mulattoes and other people of color from entering the French colonial territory or intermarrying with whites.

These orders carried out by General Antoine Richepance brutally re-instituted slavery in the French Antilles in 1802. Thousands of people of color were killed in Guadeloupe alone as they fought to retain their freedom.  

While Revolutionary France abolished slavery in France’s colonies in 1794, although it was restored by Napoleon in 1802 in Haiti out of necessity as a pro-English ex-slave revolt had broken-out there led by Toussaint Louverture. Haiti achieved independence from France in 1804 and brought an end to slavery in its territory. The northern states in the U.S. all abolished slavery by 1804. The United Kingdom and the United States outlawed the international slave trade in 1807, after which Britain led efforts to block slave ships. Britain abolished slavery throughout the British Empire with the Slavery Abolition Act 1833, the French colonies re-abolished it in 1848 and the U.S. abolished slavery in 1865. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abolitionism

“Code Noir” & Toussaint Louverture.

 

GENERAL TOUSSAINT LOUVERTURE

20 May 1743 – 7 April 1803)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toussaint_Louverture

Throughout his life, Toussaint was known as a devout Roman Catholic.

 

 

JOHN ARTHUR “JACK” JOHNSON

March 31, 1878 – June 10, 1946

February 3, 1903 1st African American Heavyweight Champion (Defeats Denver Ed Martin)

 

Nicknamed the Galveston Giant was an American boxer, who—at the height of the Jim Crow era—became the first African American world heavyweight boxing champion (1908–1915).

 Johnson went on to become one of the most dominant champions of his time, and remains a significant historical figure in heavyweight boxing history, with his 1910 fight against James J. Jeffries being dubbed the “fight of the century. Johnson was faced with much controversy when he was charged with violating the Mann Act in 1912, even though there was an obvious lack of evidence and the charge was largely racially based. In a documentary about his life, Ken Burns notes that “for more than thirteen years, Jack Johnson was the most famous and the most notorious African-American on Earth”. 

In a documentary about his life, Ken Burns notes that “for more than thirteen years, Jack Johnson was the most famous and the most notorious African-American on Earth”. 

 FIGHT OF THE CENTURY’S AFTERMATH

The outcome of the fight triggered race riots that evening—the Fourth of July—all across the United States, from Texas and Colorado to New York and Washington, D.C. Johnson’s victory over Jeffries had dashed white dreams of finding a “great white hope” to defeat him. Many whites felt humiliated by the defeat of Jeffries.

Blacks, on the other hand, were jubilant, and celebrated Johnson’s great victory as a victory for racial advancement. Black poet William Waring Cuney later highlighted the black reaction to the fight in his poem “My Lord, What a Morning”. Around the country, blacks held spontaneous parades and gathered in prayer meetings. White anger over the outcome erupted into race riots in New York, Pittsburgh, Philadelphia, New Orleans, Atlanta, St. Louis, Little Rock and Houston.

 In several cases, white mobs attacked or lynched black citizens in revenge. In all, riots occurred in more than 25 states and 50 cities. At least twenty people were killed across the US from the riots, and hundreds more were injured.

The Johnson-Jeffries Fight film received more public attention in the United States than any other film to date and for the next five years, until the release of The Birth of a Nationhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jack_Johnson_(boxer)

” I’m Jack Johnson. Heavyweight of the world.
I’m black. They never let me forget.
I’m black all right! I’ll never let them forget it! “

 

 

 

ALFRED L. CRALLE

September 4, 1866  – May 3, 1920

February 2, 1897 Received Ice Cream Patent

 

Alfred L. Cralle was born in Kenbridge, Lunenburg County, Virginia in 1866 just after the end of the American Civil War (1861–1865). He attended local schools and worked with his father in the carpentry trade as a young man, becoming interested in mechanics. He was sent to Washington, DC, where he attended Wayland Seminary, one of a number of schools founded by the American Baptist Home Mission Society to help educate African-Americans after the Civil War.

After his education, Carroll settled in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, where he first served as a porter in a drug store and at a hotel. In 1897, at the age of 30, he received a patent for the “Ice Cream Mold and Disher,” a type of ice cream Disher (a scoop with a built-in scraper). He later becomes an assistant manager in a local business association.

Cralle died in a car accident in 1920, survived by his daughter.

 

 

LANGSTON HUGHES

February 1, 1902  – May 22, 1967

He was one of the earliest innovators of the then-new literary art form called jazz poetry. Hughes is best known as a leader of the Harlem Renaissance in New York City. He famously wrote about the period that “the negro was in vogue”, which was later paraphrased as “when Harlem was in vogue”.

He wrote novels, short stories, plays, poetry, operas, essays, and works for children. With the encouragement of his best friend and writer, Arna Bontemps, and patron and friend, Carl Van Vechten, he wrote two volumes of autobiography, The Big Sea and I Wonder as I Wander, as well as translating several works of literature into English.

Hughes and his contemporaries had different goals and aspirations than the black middle class. Hughes and his fellows tried to depict the “low-life” in their art, that is, the real lives of blacks in the lower social-economic strata. They criticized the divisions and prejudices within the black community based on skin colors. Hughes wrote what would be considered their manifesto, “The Negro Artist and the Racial Mountain”, published in The Nation in 1926:

American poet, social activist, novelist, playwright, and columnist from Joplin, Missouri. Langston Hughes was born on February 1, 1902. Considered the leader of the Harlem Renaissance in New York City. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Langston_Hughes

 

 

 

 

 *********************

 

January 23, 2017

THE VAMPIRE EFFECT PART II

Hottest Female Vampire Celebrities

“Bite or don’t Bite Me”

 * * *

 

 

ANGELA BASSETT

‘Vampire in Brooklyn’

 

 

 

KRISTANNA LOKEN

‘BloodRayne’

 

 

 

ANGIE EVERHART

‘Bordello of Blood’

 

 

 

SANAA LATHAN

‘Blade’

 

 

NATASSIA MALTHE

‘BloodRayne: The Third Reich’

 

 

 

JENNIFER ESPOSITO, JERI RYAN & VITAMIN C

‘Dracula 2000’

 

 

JULIET REAGH

‘Bordello of Blood’

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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